Facts About Idaho: Key Information and Interesting Insights

Idaho, located in the northwestern U.S., borders six states and features mountains and the vital Snake River.

Foundational Facts About Idaho

Location and Geography

Idaho is located in the northwestern region of the United States and shares its borders with six other states: Montana to the east and northeast, Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Oregon and Washington to the west.

Idaho covers a land area of 83,557 square miles, making it the 14th largest state in the United States.

The state’s landscape is dominated by mountains, including parts of the Rocky Mountains range.

Idaho has two distinct regions: the panhandle and the southern region. The panhandle is nestled between Montana and Washington, while the southern region encompasses the famous Snake River.

The Snake River is vital to the state’s agricultural industry, irrigation, and hydroelectric power sources.

Statehood and History

Idaho, nicknamed “The Gem State,” is the 43rd state to join the United States of America.

It achieved statehood on July 3, 1890. Boise is the state capital, the largest city, and the most populous area in Idaho.

As of 2020, the state’s population is approximately 1,900,000 residents.

Idaho has a rich historical background that involves the Native American Nez Perce tribe, early European explorers, and pioneers.

In fact, the land now known as Idaho was initially part of Oregon Territory until 1853 when it became part of the Washington Territory.

In 1863, Idaho Territory was established, separate from Washington Territory.

One of the most famous attractions in Idaho is Craters of the Moon National Monument which preserves a vast region of volcanic formations.

The state has a deep connection with the literary world as well; the acclaimed author Ernest Hemingway spent the last years of his life there and is buried in Ketchum, Idaho.

Cultural and Natural Treasures

Idaho's diverse landscape: rolling plains, rugged mountains, and pristine lakes.</p><p>Iconic landmarks like Shoshone Falls and Craters of the Moon.</p><p>Rich Native American heritage and vibrant arts scene

State Symbols and Nicknames

Idaho is known as the Gem State, due to its abundance of 72 different types of precious and semi-precious stones found within its borders.

The state gem, star garnet, is a rare and beautiful stone that can only be found in Idaho and India.

Among other state symbols, the state bird is the mountain bluebird, the state tree is the western white pine, and the state flower is the syringa.

Idaho’s nickname, “Gem of the Mountains,” highlights the state’s impressive natural landscape.

Agriculture plays a significant role in Idaho’s industry.

The state vegetable is the potato, which has earned Idaho a reputation for producing some of the best potatoes in the United States.

Other important crops include wheat, barley, sugar beets, and various fruits like the state fruit, huckleberry.

Idaho’s state motto, “Esto Perpetua”, meaning “let it be everlasting,” reflects the state’s timeless connection to its natural resources and admiration for its picturesque landscape.

Remarkable Landmarks and Landscapes

Idaho has a mix of stunning natural landmarks and diverse landscapes.

Hells Canyon, located along the border of Idaho and Oregon, is the deepest river gorge in North America, reaching a depth of 7,900 feet, and is even deeper than the Grand Canyon.

Another breathtaking location in the state is Shoshone Falls, towering at 212 feet in height, which is referred to as the “Niagara of the West” due to its immense size and power.

In addition to these geological wonders, Idaho hosts an array of recreational activities.

Sun Valley, a popular ski resort, was the first destination in the world to install chairlifts for skiing.

Bruneau Dunes State Park is another remarkable destination, featuring the tallest single-structured sand dune in North America.

Idaho’s rich cultural heritage is also evident in its landmarks.

Native American tribes, including the Shoshone, were established in prehistoric times, leaving behind a legacy of their presence.

Visitors can explore Idaho’s history through locations such as the Cataldo Mission, the oldest building in the state, built without nails in the mid-19th century.

Overall, Idaho offers an impressive array of natural and cultural treasures.

Its rich heritage, diverse landscapes, and abundance of valuable resources contribute to its unique charm and make it a state worth exploring.